Port Arthur is the site of convict settlement on the Tasman Peninsula in Tasmania, Australia. It is part of the Australian Convict Sites, a World Heritage Property. The location was chosen to build an “inescapable” prison, very much like the Alcatraz Island which was established later in the US.
The site contains a hospital built above the prisoners’ barracks in 1841-42. Port Arthur’s convicts laboured in heavy industries and accident victims were common inmates at the hospital. The building was damaged by fires in 1895 and 1897. Today, the Port Arthur Hospital is nothing but a charismatic ruin sitting on top of the hill overlooking the settlement.